People who have heart disease or have had heart failure are more likely to have cardio-cerebrovascular emergencies, such as heart attacks. If the treatment is not timely, it can lead to sudden death.
Therefore, we have to protect ourselves from these situations so that we can have a healthy life.
1, Blood pressure control
The heart pumps all the time to supply the blood. The higher the blood pressure we have, the higher resistance to blood pumping. And more energy is needed to transfer the blood to our body, which increases the heart burden. So it is important to control the blood pressure. We do not have to keep the blood pressure to a completely normal state like healthy people. But it should be a reasonable range according to the actual situation. Also, we have to check the blood pressure every day. If there is a change in blood pressure, we need to go to the hospital.
2. Lower cholesterol levels
High levels of low-density cholesterol can cause more heart problems and should be at 100 mg/dL or lower. If we have already had a heart attack or are at risk, we can inject medicine to reduce it to 70mg/dL or less.
3. Avoid excessive fluid intake
Some heart disease people need to limit the amount of fluid intake to avoid fluid retention and increase blood volume and heart burden. When seeing doctors, we must ask the doctor if we want to limit the amount of fluid.
If so, we pay attention to the fluids you take in. These fluids are not only water and things you "drink" in, but also some foods that contain water, including ice, ice cream, and so on.
Also, tracing the weight every morning. The rapid weight-increasing maybe signal that fluid volume in the body is growing, and fluid intake needs to be reduced.
4. Exercise more and control your weight
Don't sit still for a long time. Proper exercise for people with heart disease is the benefit of disease control. It can lower cholesterol and blood pressure and help control weight (excess fat will increase the heart burden).
It is best to choose exercises that will move your large muscles, such as exercising more legs, walking, riding a bicycle, etc.
You can move around at home first with any chance if it is OK. Try to do 30 minutes of physical exercise every day, at least five days a week.
5, Reduce psychological pressure
Getting sick can easily make people angry, depressed, or anxious, especially heart disease. These emotions are easy to cause the outbreak of heart disease. Finding ways to reduce anxiety is good for heart health.
We can talk to people, do some meditation or yoga, or take a deep breath, all of which can effectively reduce stress.
6. Low "sodium" diet
Salt (sodium) can keep fluids in our body, causing blood pressure increasing, leg swelling, and even breathing difficulties.
When cooking, we can add less salt or use other seasonings instead to reduce the salt-intake. We need to pay attention to the invisible salt in processed foods, such as sodium in some biscuits or beverages.
7, a nutrition diet
We have to take fruits and vegetables for about half for each meal, eat whole grains, low-fat, or skimmed dairy products to supplement energy and calcium, and have lean meat, seafood, beans, seeds, and processed soybeans supplying protein.
8. Quit smoking and alcohol
Smoking can raise blood pressure, damage blood vessels, and increase the chance of heart attack. We do not only to avoid smoking but also to avoid second-hand smoke.
Alcohol can increase the body significantly or increase blood pressure, and it can also weaken the heart and make the heart less powerful. It is best for heart patients to abstain from alcohol.